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Arts and Culture


© Thibaud Bastien / Comité Inspiring Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a cosmopolitan country located in the heart of Europe with a thousand-year-old multicultural capital and different regions each with their very own characteristics. Due to its geological location, Luxembourg is home to an array of different landscapes, which include the dense woodlands and valleys of the Ardennes , the fascinating rock formations of the Mullerthal  region and the region of the 'Red Rocks'  with its former mining landscapes as well as the vineyards of the Moselle  region or Schengen, a small wine-producing town in the Southeastern part of Luxembourg in the 3-Border-Region with Germany and France, where the “ Schengen Agreement ” was signed in 1985.


Luxembourg invites you to discover its three fabulous cultural sites, all registered on the UNESCO world heritage list.

ON 17 December 1994, the fortifications of the Old City of Luxembourg  and its ancient ruins have been recognised as a UNESCO Cultural World Heritage site. They combine the historical, medieval, classical and contemporary architectural styles like nowhere else. The capital’s old city, located around the “Bock”, highlights the 1000-year-old history of the fortress. Also known as the “Gibraltar of the North”, the military engineer Vauban contributed to the development of the fortifications. The ruins can still be visited today and are a unique tourist attraction in Europe with 17 km of underground tunnels. The Corniche offers panoramic views of the historic sites and the modern buildings, monuments and European institutions at the Kirchberg district.

Luxembourg City hosts a number interesting museums, among others, the Museum of Modern Art , which was designed by the Sino-American architect Ieoh Ming Pei and the museum “ Drai Eechelen ”, presenting the history of the fortress in the restored keep of Fort Thüngen, the “ Villa Vauban ”, the Luxembourg City Art Museum, the “ Casino Luxembourg ”, the forum for Contemporary art, the “ MNHA ”, the National Museum of History and Art or the “ Natur Musée ”, the National Museum of Natural History. You will find a detailed list of the Museums in Luxembourg on the VisitLuxembourg  website.    


Vianden Castle

© Jengel / Castle Vianden

Luxembourg’s history has been marked by its geopolitical situation in the heart of Europe and many castles are witnesses of this millenary history.

Among the many castles to be visited, figure the Castle of Vianden , built between the 11th and 14th centuries, which remains one of the most beautiful feudal residences of the Roman and Gothic periods in Europe. The Beaufort castles  have been built during four different periods between the 11th and 17th centuries.

The Castle of Clervaux , built in the 12th century, houses among others the world famous photo exhibition “ The Family of Man ” curated by the Luxembourg born Sino-American director of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and photographer Edward Steichen. The exhibition comprises 503 photographs by 273 artists from 68 countries presented for the first time in 1955. Having toured the world and displayed in over 150 museums and seen by more than 10 millions of visitors, it was Edward Steichen’s will that the final complete version of the exhibition was permanently installed in the castle in Clervaux in 1994. In 2003, the collection was listed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register and has toured the world for years before being permanently installed at the castle of Clervaux and has been recognized by UNESCO.


The city of Echternach, already famous for its Benedictine abbey  and papal basilica founded by Saint Willibrord in the year 698, is also where the hopping procession of Echternach  takes place every year on Whit Tuesday. Thousands of pilgrims and spectators gather to participate in this unique cultural procession in honour of the abbey’s founder. The procession was recognised as a “UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 2010.

When Willibrord, the founder of the abbey died in 739, pilgrims flocked to Echternach to pay homage to the missionary, who is buried in the church. The first testimonials go back to the 11th century. The abbey museum also highlights the life and deeds of St. Willibrord.

For more information of cultural places to visit and events in Luxembourg, click here .